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How to simplify the maintenance of the garden and vegetable garden. Instructions for the country “lazy”

Reading the next instructions for growing any crop, you can be horrified at how much trouble is required. In fact, it turns out that many plants are quite tolerant of mistakes or carelessness. And it also happens that our green pets grow not thanks to our efforts, but in spite of: in our zeal to do the best, we can do something superfluous.
boy resting next to pitchfork and grass

For a real summer resident, working in the beds is a pleasure and joy. But I also want to taste other pleasures, and the working owner of the garden does not have much time: a weekend, yes, if you’re lucky, a vacation. And in the rapidly disappearing summer, every day counts: I didn’t weed it on time, didn’t feed it – the harvest was missing.

 

How to simplify the maintenance of the garden and vegetable garden? I will try to put together numerous tips and experience and draw up an “Instruction for the dacha” lazy person “. Let’s start with 10 basic rules.

1. Curb your greed

“Our greed … forces us to pursue so many goals at the same time that in pursuit of trifles we miss out on the essential,” said French philosopher and moralist François de La Rochefoucauld. But how difficult it is for a modern gardener to limit himself to buying seeds and seedlings!

Numerous real and online stores offer everything: dozens of varieties of vegetables, all kinds of flowers, exotic plants. It is impossible to stop. And we buy a bunch of bright bags every spring. And then a problem arises, the scale of which depends on the magnitude of greed: how to plant everything purchased, and most importantly – where to find the time and energy to use everything that has grown.

If you feel that you are not doing well in your garden, stop. Try to pull yourself together in front of the seed shop counter and curb your greed. Better yet, make a clear shopping plan before you go to the garden center.

Answer honestly, do you really need 100,500 varieties of tomatoes, an incomprehensible plant, whose name you don’t remember and are trying to find by signs (“and you don’t have a thing with such leaves?”), An exotic vegetable, or a fruit, which will definitely not grow in open ground and needs to be “attached” to the greenhouse?

The reduced assortment of vegetation will be better cared for, there will be enough time for everyone. And you will have the strength to admire your garden, which is very difficult in the classic position of a summer resident.

At the same time, calculate how many cucumbers, tomatoes and other vegetables you really need. Throwing away pickles and marinades from last year just to free up cans for current harvests is not a good example of a zealous hostess. Or 2 buckets of tomatoes for a second cousin’s niece (“what’s her name?”). Maybe the hump acquired is too high a price for good relations with relatives?

2. Choose low-maintenance plants
If you decide that taking care of the garden and the garden is not the only thing that attracts you in the country, take a critical look at your site. Avoid troublesome plants. In flower beds, give preference to perennial plants that feel good in one place for a long time without transplanting.

For example, instead of large-flowered varietal tulips, plant botanical – natural species or varieties derived from them. Of course, they are more modest than their garden counterparts. But, firstly, among the varieties sold now there is also a lot of variety in shape and color, and secondly, botanical tulips are fashionable. They are indispensable in the design of alpine slides, they will delight you with flowering almost 2 weeks earlier than varietal ones and will free you from the annual ritual – digging out the bulbs in early summer and digging back in September.

You can also replace part of an ordinary raspberry with a remontant one: you do not have to bother with cutting out the sprouted shoots, bending down the bushes – in the fall, you can simply mow everything in a row. This technique, by the way, facilitates one more work when growing this crop: by completely removing the shoots, you will destroy a significant part of the pests and the next year you will need to process the berry less.

3. Consider the winter hardiness of plants
Do not try to grow pineapples in the open ground in the Arctic: there will be little sense, but you will spend a lot of energy, nerves and time. If you don’t want to spend a lot of time building shelters for plants in autumn, winter worrying about wrapped pets, and spring unrolling them, limit the number of plants that require warming for the winter.

In addition to the time and effort saved, you will receive a bonus: in the spring you will not puzzle over where to put tens of meters of covering material until the next use, and in the fall – where to get the spruce branches in the required amount. And I also recommend that you familiarize yourself with the publication of our site 5 common myths about winter shelter of plants.

4. Plant fewer seedlings
Not all vegetables require a nursery nursery on your windowsill. For example, cabbage can be grown by seedlings in a greenhouse or even by sowing directly to a permanent place. And believe me: cabbage will only get better. She will not stretch out in the warmth of the room, and she will not get sick when transplanted. Strong and seasoned seedlings are less likely to be damaged by cruciferous fleas and other pests. Read more about this in the publication Sowing cabbage before winter – a gamble or an effective method?

In addition to cabbage, too pampered conditions are not required for onions if you grow leeks and onions from seeds.

5. Buy seedlings
Of course, one might think that self-grown seedlings are a guarantee that there will be no misgrading, infections and other problems. But if you buy seeds, you still cannot guarantee purity – and you can get incomprehensible varieties instead of the desired ones when buying, and sores too.

Find a reliable manufacturer, and your garden and flower garden will only delight. After all, a professional approach to growing seedlings is the right temperature, lighting and humidity, which are almost impossible to provide in an apartment. You will find that the slightly increased costs will outweigh all your worries and worries about the “black leg” and other plant problems.

6. Get a handy tool
Any business needs a good tool. This does not mean that it must necessarily be expensive. But comfortable, ergonomic and reliable is a must.

The pruner or garden shears should cut, the garden saw should cut, the handle should not slide off the scoop. A rake, shovel or hoe will need to be matched to your height. And the garden tools should be different and correspond to the tasks, so it is better to purchase it in sufficient quantities.

A convenient tool saves energy, as a result – time. The model or variety should be selected for yourself. If for some reason it is inconvenient for you to use, for example, Fokin’s flat cutter, you do not need to do this just because you have read a lot of laudatory reviews.

In our market you can pick up any gardening equipment. Start with pruning shears and pruning shears, for example.

7. Use the advances of technology
It is generally accepted that dacha agriculture is mostly archaic. However, advances in modern technology make it possible to refute this. For example, you can use a heating cable to heat the greenhouse: there will be no hassle with return frosts, and you will get an early harvest. See how Svetlana Ilyina from Krasnoyarsk equipped real warm beds. Read more about her experience of getting an early harvest in Siberia in the publication Greenhouse for an early harvest.

Another useful invention for summer residents that saves time and effort is drip irrigation. You don’t need to run around with a watering can – just turn the tap. And the installed automation will allow you to forget even about this trifle. You can find out in more detail how to best apply this achievement of civilization by reading the publication Where it is convenient to use the drip irrigation system: we will consider specific examples.

8. Automatic feeding
Preparing the soil for planting in the fall, making additional fertilizing during the season are the usual agrotechnical measures. This work can also be greatly facilitated by using apions (the name stands for “automatic feeding osmotic pumps”).

An apion, once planted in a planting hole, will nourish the plant for a long time. The apion brand is chosen depending on the type of plant. Can be matched to annual and perennial crops as well as shrubs and trees.

Apion is a bag with complex fertilizers and microelements. The shell is made of a semi-permeable membrane, and the principle of operation is based on the phenomenon of osmosis (one-sided penetration through the membrane). Apion gives off nutrients just as much as the plant needs. Using this dispenser will not only give you the freedom you desire (you don’t need to apply fertilizing regularly), but it will also provide you with a richer and cleaner harvest. You will not be able to overdose fertilizers – with a decrease in absorption by the root system, the rate of return of the nutrient mixture also decreases. This means that you will not have tomatoes with nitrates, and soil salinity will not occur.

8. Sow in the fall
Spring is a hot time for the gardener: growing seedlings smoothly flows into the sowing season. And you also need to prune trees and shrubs, treat the area from pests, as well as plant annual flowers and put perennial ones in order. And time is short – May is short.

To cut back on gardening in the spring, move some of it back to fall. Before winter, you can plant not only garlic and onion sets, but also sow dill and parsley, rucola, beets, carrots, cabbage, leeks. And, of course, flowers – calendula (marigold), marigolds, asters, nasturtiums, morning glories and many others. For information on what can be sown before winter, see our video.

10. Choose the right garden style
A garden in a regular style with perfect lawns, flat bosquets and carpet beds – not for “lazy people”. Opt for country, landscape, or any other design where a few overgrown hedges or a picturesque mixborder mess will not greatly disturb the look of your site.

A garden in a regular style with perfect lawns, flat bosquets and carpet beds – not for “lazy people”. Opt for country, landscape, or any other design where a few overgrown hedges or a picturesque mixborder mess will not greatly disturb the look of your site.

If you absolutely want to have a flat green lawn, pay attention to special lawn mixtures, composed of slowly growing and not requiring frequent mowing of grasses. Or organize a grass cover of low-growing ground cover plants, such as styloid bryozoan or white clover

There are many ways to avoid becoming a “lamp slave” in your own garden. The main thing is to understand and accept that you have a summer residence – for you and your family. And it is not the dacha who has a gardener who has no other business but worries about her. Enjoy your garden, don’t work for it!



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